What Is In Ippon In Judo?

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Judo is a Japanese combat sport that involves grappling, throwing, and submission techniques. It is a highly skilled and technical sport that requires strength, focus, and agility. In a judo match, the objective is to score an ippon, which is the highest score in judo. There are several rules for scoring ippons in judo, and in this article, we will discuss each of them in detail.

 

What is an ippon in judo?

In judo, an “ippon” is the highest score that can be awarded for a technique. It is a Japanese term that translates to “one full point.” When a competitor executes a technique with exceptional skill and control, demonstrating complete dominance over their opponent, they can be awarded an ippon.

To achieve an ippon, a player must execute a technique that meets certain criteria set by the International Judo Federation (IJF). These criteria include:

  1. Effective execution: The technique must be executed with precision, speed, and proper form.
  2. Control: The player must demonstrate complete control over their opponent throughout the execution of the technique.
  3. Impact: The technique should create a substantial impact or result, such as throwing the opponent forcefully onto their back.
  4. Continuity: The player must demonstrate a continuous and uninterrupted application of the technique.

 

Techniques that can score an ippon in judo

Not all techniques are equal in judo, and some are more likely to score an ippon than others. The following are the techniques that can score an ippon in judo:

– Throw: A throw that lands the opponent on their back with force and control can score an ippon.
– Submission: A technique that forces the opponent to submit by tapping the mat or verbally can score an ippon.
– Pin: A pin that holds the opponent down for 25 seconds without interruption can score an ippon.
– Choke: A choke that renders the opponent unconscious can score an ippon.

 

Criteria for scoring an ippon in judo

To score an ippon in judo, the technique must meet certain criteria. The following are the criteria for scoring an ippon in judo:

– Control: The player executing the technique must have control over the opponent throughout the execution of the technique.
– Force: The technique must be executed with sufficient force to ensure the opponent lands on their back with full impact.
– Back exposure: The opponent’s back must be exposed to the mat when they land.
– Speed: The technique must be executed with speed and accuracy to provide the opponent with little time to react.

 

Refereeing in judo

Referees play an essential role in judo, and their decisions can have a significant impact on the outcome of a match. In judo, there are two referees, a center referee, and two corner referees. The center referee is responsible for the overall management of the match, including awarding points, penalties, and issuing warnings. The corner referees assist the center referee in making calls and are responsible for scoring the match.

 

Penalties in judo

Judo has strict rules, and penalties can be awarded for various infractions. The following are some of the penalties that can be awarded in judo:

– Shido: A minor penalty that is awarded for minor infractions such as stepping outside the contest area or gripping an opponent’s sleeve for too long.
– Hansokumake: A significant penalty that is awarded for serious rule violations such as using a dangerous technique or refusing to bow.
– Chui: A more severe penalty than shido, awarded for repeated minor infractions.
– Keikoku: A penalty more severe than chui, awarded for repeated major infractions.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, an ippon is the most prestigious score in judo and is awarded when a technique results in a decisive victory. To score an ippon, the technique must meet certain criteria, including control, force, back exposure, and speed. Referees play an essential role in judo, and their decisions can have a significant impact on the outcome of a match. Judo has strict rules, and penalties can be awarded for various infractions. By understanding and following these rules, judo players can improve their chances of scoring an ippon and winning their matches.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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