What Is Capoeira Maranhão?

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Capoeira Maranhão is a unique form of capoeira that originates from the state of Maranhão in Brazil. This martial art form has become popular all around the world due to its dynamic movements and fluidity. Capoeira Maranhão is a combination of music, dance, and martial arts making it an exciting and entertaining sport to watch and practice.


What is Capoeira Maranhão?

Capoeira Maranhão is a style or variation of capoeira, which is a Brazilian martial art that combines elements of acrobatics, dance, music, and self-defense. It originated in Brazil during the colonial period when African slaves were brought to the country. Capoeira Maranhão specifically refers to the capoeira style that developed in the state of Maranhão, located in northeastern Brazil.

Capoeira Maranhão shares many similarities with other styles of capoeira, but it also has its own distinct characteristics and regional influences. It incorporates elements of the Afro-Brazilian culture and reflects the unique history and traditions of Maranhão.

In Capoeira Maranhão, participants engage in a game called “jogo” in Portuguese, which involves two practitioners interacting through rhythmic movements, kicks, sweeps, and acrobatics. The game is accompanied by traditional Afro-Brazilian music played on instruments such as the berimbau, pandeiro, and atabaque. The music sets the rhythm and pace of the game, and participants often sing and clap along.

Capoeira Maranhão emphasizes fluidity, agility, and creativity in movements. It combines various kicks, spins, and evasive maneuvers with elements of dance, making it a visually captivating martial art form.

Like other styles of capoeira, Capoeira Maranhão carries cultural and historical significance. It represents resistance, community, and the preservation of Afro-Brazilian traditions. Capoeira has evolved over time, and different regional styles have emerged, each with its own distinct characteristics and contributions to the overall capoeira heritage.


How is Capoeira Maranhão different from other martial art forms?

Capoeira Maranhão is unique from other martial art forms because it combines elements of dance, music, and fighting. Unlike other martial arts, Capoeira Maranhão doesn’t focus solely on strikes and punches. Instead, it emphasizes on kicks, takedowns, and acrobatic movements. Capoeira Maranhão also has a significant cultural aspect, with a strong influence from African culture including music, language, and religion.


What are the benefits of practicing Capoeira Maranhão?

Capoeira Maranhão is an excellent form of exercise for both the mind and body. The martial art form is known for its physical and mental benefits. Physically, Capoeira Maranhão improves flexibility, balance, strength, and endurance. Mentally, it helps to develop focus, discipline, and self-confidence. Capoeira Maranhão also has therapeutic benefits as it is a great form of stress relief and can improve mood and overall well-being.


What are the essential techniques of Capoeira Maranhão?

Capoeira Maranhão is characterized by its vibrant and high-energy movements. The core techniques that Capoeira Maranhão practitioners utilize include:

1. Ginga: The basic movement in Capoeira Maranhão where the participant shifts their weight from one foot to the other in a constant motion.

2. Au: A basic acrobatic movement where the participant flips their body over and lands on one foot while supporting themselves with their hands.

3. Meia-Lua: A half-moon kick delivered in a fluid and smooth manner.

4. Armada: A high roundhouse kick delivered with a swinging motion.

5. Benjamin: A cartwheel-like movement where the participant lands on one foot while using their hands to support themselves.

6. Martelo: An inward kick delivered with the outside of the foot.


What is the significance of music in Capoeira Maranhão?

Music plays a crucial role in Capoeira Maranhão as it is the heart of the martial art form. The music is performed using traditional instruments such as the berimbau, pandeiro, atabaque, and agogo. The music provides a rhythm for the martial art form, and the fighters use the beat to synchronize their movements. The lyrics of the songs provide important messages and themes, such as freedom, resistance, and justice.


What is the dress code for Capoeira Maranhão?

The dress code for Capoeira Maranhão is quite simple. Practitioners wear a uniform known as a “abada,” which is a loose-fitting shirt and trousers made of lightweight, breathable material. The uniform is usually white, but some groups may have a specific color or design.



In conclusion, Capoeira Maranhão is a fast-paced and dynamic sport that combines martial arts, dance, and music. Practicing Capoeira Maranhão is not only an excellent form of exercise, but it also provides a host of mental and cultural benefits. With its unique techniques and vibrant music, Capoeira Maranhão has become a popular martial art form all around the world.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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