What Are The Basic Taekwondo Kicks?

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Taekwondo is one of the most popular martial arts around the world. Known for its high-flying kicks, it is a dynamic sport that requires immense skill, dedication, and practice. But before one can master the art, they need to master the basic Taekwondo kicks. In this article, we will take you through the basics of Taekwondo kicks, their variations, and how to execute them flawlessly.


What Are the Basic Taekwondo Kicks?

The basic Taekwondo kicks are the foundation of all the advanced moves. They are simple to learn but require a lot of practice to perfect. There are five basic kicks in Taekwondo:

1. Front Kick – This is probably the most basic kick in Taekwondo. It involves lifting the knee of the kicking leg and then extending the leg forward to strike the target with the ball of the foot.

2. Roundhouse Kick – The roundhouse kick is a powerful kick in which the leg is rotated from the hip and aimed at the target with the instep of the foot. It can be executed at various heights and angles, making it a versatile attack.

3. Side Kick – The sidekick is executed by lifting the knee of the kicking leg and extending it out to the side, striking with the heel of the foot. It is an effective attack to the midsection of the opponent.

4. Back Kick – The back kick involves turning away from the opponent and lifting the back leg to strike with the heel. It is a powerful kick aimed at the target’s midsection.

5. Hook Kick – The hook kick is a tricky move where the leg is swung around in a circular motion, striking with the heel or sole of the foot. It can be used to attack the head, face, or ribs of the opponent.


How to Execute Basic Taekwondo Kicks?

Executing basic Taekwondo kicks requires not only proper technique but also flexibility and strength. Here are guidelines on how to execute each of the basic kicks:

1. Front Kick – Start by standing in a fighting stance with your kicking foot back and your non-kicking foot forward. Lift your knee, extend the leg forward, and then snap it back quickly.

2. Roundhouse Kick – Stand with your kicking leg behind you and pivot on your non-kicking foot to face the target. Lift your knee and turn your hip to the target while extending the leg out.

3. Side Kick – Begin in a fighting stance with your non-kicking foot forward and your kicking foot turned out on the same side. Lift your knee and extend the leg out to the side, making contact with the heel of the foot.

4. Back Kick – Stand with your back to the target and your feet shoulder-width apart. Pivot on your front foot and lift your back leg, striking the target with the heel.

5. Hook Kick – Start with a roundhouse kick motion but instead of striking with the top of the foot, swing your leg around to strike with the heel or sole of the foot.


What Are the Variations of Basic Taekwondo Kicks?

There are many variations of basic Taekwondo kicks that can be used to add complexity and style to your moves. Here are some of the most effective variations:

1. Jumping Front Kick – This variation involves jumping in the air and executing a front kick. It requires a lot of strength and balance.

2. Spin Hook Kick – Instead of pivoting to execute a hook kick, this variation involves spinning in the air to strike the target with the heel or sole of the foot.

3. Axe Kick – The ax kick involves bringing the kicking leg up high and then driving it down towards the target with the ball of the foot.

4. Crescent Kick – This kick is executed by swinging the leg in a circular motion, striking the target from the side with the blade of the foot.

5. Scissor Kick – The scissor kick involves jumping in the air and striking the target with both legs in a scissor-like motion.


What Are the Benefits of Practicing Taekwondo Kicks?

Practicing Taekwondo kicks offers numerous benefits, both physically and emotionally. Here are some of the main benefits:

1. Increased flexibility – Taekwondo kicks require a lot of flexibility, and regular practice can help improve range of motion and reduce the risk of injury.

2. Improved strength – Kicking involves engaging the core, hips, and leg muscles, leading to improved muscle tone and strength.

3. Better balance and coordination – Taekwondo kicks require good balance and coordination, which can be improved through regular practice.

4. Increased focus and discipline – Taekwondo is a discipline that requires a lot of focus and dedication. Regular practice can help improve discipline and mental focus.

5. Stress relief – Practicing Taekwondo kicks is a great way to release stress and tension, leading to better mental health.



Taekwondo is a dynamic and exciting martial art that offers numerous physical and emotional benefits. Mastering the basic Taekwondo kicks is crucial to taking your skills to the next level, and with regular practice, you can become an expert in no time. Whether you are a beginner or an advanced practitioner, these basic kicks will always be the foundation of your Taekwondo journey.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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