Different Styles Of Capoeira

Table of Contents

Capoeira is a unique martial art that originated in Brazil during the time of slavery. It incorporates dance, acrobatics, music, and fighting techniques. Capoeira is a cultural expression that represents the history and resilience of the Afro-Brazilian community. Over time, different styles of Capoeira have emerged, each with their distinct characteristics. In this article, we will explore the various styles of Capoeira including their history, movements, and cultural significance.

 

What is Capoeira?

Capoeira is a martial art that was developed by enslaved Africans in Brazil during the 16th century. The art was created as a way to defend themselves against their oppressors. It combines elements of dance, acrobatics, and fighting techniques. Capoeira is distinguished by its fluid and graceful movements that imitate the movements of animals like jaguars, monkeys, and birds. The art is accompanied by live music played on traditional instruments like the berimbau, atabaque, and pandeiro.

 

What are the different styles of Capoeira?

Over time, different styles of Capoeira have emerged based on the region, lineage, and philosophy of the practitioners. Some of the most popular styles of Capoeira include:

– Angola
– Regional
– Contemporânea
– Regional Contemporânea
– Capoeira Brasil
– Mestre Bimba’s Capoeira Regional
– Grupo Senzala

Each style of Capoeira has its unique characteristics and movements. The following is a brief overview of each style.

 

Angola

Capoeira Angola is the most traditional style of Capoeira and is the closest in style to the original Capoeira of the 16th century. It emphasizes the art’s cultural and social aspects while de-emphasizing the sportive aspect of the art. Angola uses slow, fluid movements and relies more on strategy and improvisation than on physical strength. Angola’s movements are closer to the ground, and the game is played in a circular formation, emphasizing the communal nature of the art.

 

Regional

Capoeira Regional was developed by Mestre Bimba in the 1930s. Mestre Bimba is considered the father of modern Capoeira and is credited with creating the first formalized Capoeira training system. Regional emphasizes the acrobatic and athletic aspects of Capoeira, with high kicks, fast movements, and dynamic acrobatics. It is played in a rectangular formation with two opponents facing each other. Regional is more sportive in nature and is performed in competitions.

 

Contemporânea

Capoeira Contemporânea is a more recent style of Capoeira that incorporates elements of both Angola and Regional. It focuses on the development of individual style and creativity while emphasizing the art’s cultural heritage. Contemporânea combines the fluid movements of Angola with the athleticism of Regional. It is played in both circular and rectangular formations with emphasis on the group dynamic. Contemporânea is also more sportive in nature and is played in competitions.

 

Regional Contemporânea

Regional Contemporânea is a hybrid style of Capoeira that emphasizes the acrobatic and athletic aspects of Regional while incorporating elements of Afro-Brazilian dance and music. It is played in a rectangular formation and is more sportive in nature, with competitions and rankings.

 

Capoeira Brasil

Capoeira Brasil is a style of Capoeira that was founded in 1989 by three Mestres who left the Senzala group. It is a more contemporary style that fuses elements of Angola and Regional Capoeira. Capoeira Brasil emphasizes the art’s cultural aspects while incorporating music, dance, and acrobatics. It is played in a circular formation and emphasizes the importance of community.

 

Mestre Bimba’s Capoeira Regional

Mestre Bimba’s Capoeira Regional is the original Capoeira Regional developed by Mestre Bimba in the 1930s. It emphasizes the acrobatic and athletic aspects of Capoeira while incorporating traditional elements of Afro-Brazilian culture. Mestre Bimba’s Capoeira Regional is played in a rectangular formation and is more sportive in nature, with competitions and rankings.

 

Grupo Senzala

Grupo Senzala is a Capoeira group that was founded in the 1960s by Mestre Peixinho. It is a more traditional style of Capoeira that emphasizes the art’s cultural heritage. Grupo Senzala is played in a circular formation and places a strong emphasis on the group dynamic. It incorporates traditional Afro-Brazilian music and dance into its practice.

 

Conclusion

Capoeira is a dynamic and diverse martial art that has evolved over time to reflect the various cultural, social, and philosophical influences of its practitioners. Different styles of Capoeira have emerged based on the region, lineage, and philosophy of the practitioners. Each style has its unique characteristics and movements, but they all share a common heritage and cultural significance. Whether one is interested in the traditional aspects of Capoeira Angola or the athletic and competitive aspects of Regional, there is a style of Capoeira for everyone.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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