Best Judo Techniques For Escaping Holds

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Judo is a martial art that involves grappling, throwing, and submissions. Escaping holds is an essential aspect of Judo that every practitioner must master. When an opponent applies a hold, the objective is to break free from it as quickly and efficiently as possible. There are various Judo techniques that can be used to escape from holds, and we’ll be discussing them in detail in this article.

 

Why is it important to learn Judo techniques for escaping holds?

It’s important to learn Judo techniques for escaping holds because holds restrict an individual’s movements, leaving them vulnerable to attacks. A hold is also a sign of control, implying that your opponent has the upper hand. Therefore, by mastering the techniques for escaping holds, a Judo practitioner can:

– Avoid being pinned down, thereby disabling an opponent from getting into a better position.
– Reduce the risk of sustaining injuries caused by a hold, which can be intense and cause pain if not released.
– Use the technique to gain an advantage over an opponent by capitalizing on their loss of control

 

What are the common types of holds in Judo?

Holds in Judo are classified based on the points of contact between the attacker and receiver. The common types of holds in Judo include:

– Side control: In a side control hold, Uke (receiver) is on their back or on their side, and the Tori (attacker) is positioned on top of them in a parallel position.

– Mount: In a mount, the Tori is sitting on Uke’s stomach, with Uke lying on their back.

– North-South: This hold involves the Tori positioned at the top of Uke’s head or bottom, with Uke lying on their back.

– Back control: In this hold, the Tori’s body is behind the Uke’s body, hugging them from behind.

– Triangle: A triangle hold involves the Tori wrapping their legs around Uke’s neck and arm.

– Armbar: In an armbar hold, the Tori traps Uke’s arm between their legs, holding onto the wrist and applying pressure.

 

What are the Judo techniques for escaping a side control hold?

There are several Judo techniques for escaping a side control hold, including:

– Shrimping: Shrimping is a Judo technique used to move the body sideways while lying down. It’s used primarily as a defensive technique to create space between you and your opponent. To shrimp, bend your knees and move your hips away from your opponent. Push your toes into the ground and move your hips in the opposite direction, creating space between you and your opponent.

– Bridge and Roll: The bridge and roll technique involve pushing your opponent over your head with your feet and rolling into their guard. To execute the technique, bridge upwards, lifting your opponent off you. As they come down, roll and move towards their guard.

– Kesa Gatame Defense: This technique involves turning in towards the opponent and rolling over their shoulder to free the hips. To execute this technique, bring your knees towards your chest and start to roll towards your knees, pushing the opponent with your head.

 

What are the Judo techniques for escaping a mount hold?

Escaping a mount hold can be challenging as it leaves an individual in a vulnerable position. The Judo techniques that can be used to escape a mount include:

– Bridge and Trap: This technique involves bridging upward and using your free hand to trap your opponent’s arm. Once their arm is trapped, roll to the side, pulling their arm to create distance.

– Elbow Escape: The elbow escape technique involves shrimping your body to create space and move your arm between you and your opponent’s legs. Once your arm is through, turn back into the guard position.

– Heel Hook: The heel hook technique involves grabbing your opponent’s foot and twisting it to create an opening. This technique should be used carefully as it can result in injury.

 

What are the Judo techniques for escaping a north-south hold?

Escaping a north-south hold can be challenging as it’s a tight hold that allows little room for movement. The techniques that can be used to escape include:

– Arm pull: The arm pull technique involves pulling your elbows towards you, freeing your head and creating space. Once your head is free, shrimp your body to create space further.

– Bridge and Roll: The bridge and roll technique can also be used to escape a north-south hold. Bridge upwards and turn towards your opponent, securing them in your guard position.

– Headlock Turn: This technique involves turning your head towards the opponent’s side and bringing your knees towards your chest. Once your knees are close to your chest, roll towards your knees, freeing yourself from the hold.

 

What are the Judo techniques for escaping a triangle or armbar hold?

Escaping a triangle or armbar hold requires quick thinking and precise execution. The Judo techniques that can be used to escape include:

– Triangle to Armbar: This technique involves transferring the triangle hold into your own armbar. To execute, swivel your hips around to separate your opponent’s legs. As the legs open, bring your free arm through, placing it on your opponent’s hip, and sink down into an armbar.

– Roll: A roll can be used to escape an armbar hold. To execute this technique, turn your body towards your opponent’s side, grabbing their body close to your chest. Once you have a grip, roll over your back, releasing the armbar.

– Double Handed Pak Sao: This technique involves using both hands to pry open the grip applied to your trapped arm. With your free hand, place it on your opponent’s elbow, using it to pry open the grip on your trapped arm.

 

Conclusion

Judo techniques for escaping holds are essential for every practitioner. The techniques discussed in this article can help a Judo practitioner escape from a variety of holds, including side control, mount, north-south, triangle, and armbar. It’s crucial to master these techniques as it allows for greater flexibility and control in difficult situations. Always remember to practice the techniques until they become second nature, enabling you to execute them instinctively when under pressure.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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