Basic Judo Techniques For Beginners

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Judo is a modern martial art that has its roots in the Japanese fighting style of Jujutsu. It was developed by Jigoro Kano in the late 19th century, with an emphasis on using an opponent’s strength and momentum against them. Judo is not only an effective means of self-defense, but it’s also a great way to improve your coordination, flexibility, and overall physical fitness. In this article, we will cover the basic Judo techniques for beginners, including throws, pins, and submissions.

 

What are the basic Judo throws for beginners?

The most iconic aspect of Judo is the throws. There are dozens of throws in Judo, but the following are examples of the most basic and fundamental throws:

a. Osoto Gari (Major Outer Reap): This throw involves sweeping your opponent’s leg, causing them to lose balance and fall. It’s one of the most effective throws in Judo.

b. Seoi Nage (Shoulder Throw): This throw involves getting under your opponent’s arm and lifting them onto your back. You then use your body weight to slam them onto the mat.

c. Ouchi Gari (Major Inner Reap): This throw involves sweeping your opponent’s leg from the inside, causing them to fall onto their back.

d. Tai Otoshi (Body Drop): This throw involves using your body weight to drop your opponent onto the mat. It’s particularly effective against opponents who are much larger than you.

 

What are the basic Judo pins for beginners?

Pins, also known as holds, are a way to immobilize your opponent and score points in Judo. There are several types of pins in Judo, but the following five are the most basic:

a. Kesa Gatame (Scarf Hold): This hold involves wrapping your arm around your opponent’s neck and grabbing their belt or trousers. You then press your body weight onto them, immobilizing them on the mat.

b. Yoko Shiho Gatame (Side Four-Quarters Hold): This hold involves pinning your opponent’s shoulders and hips to the mat while you lie perpendicular to their body.

c. Tate Shiho Gatame (Straight Four-Quarters Hold): This hold involves pinning your opponent’s shoulders to the mat while straddling their torso.

d. Kami Shiho Gatame (Upper Four-Quarters Hold): This hold involves pinning your opponent’s shoulders and arms to the mat while you sit on their chest.

e. Uki Gatame (Floating Hold): This hold involves straddling your opponent’s body and pulling their arm across their chest, effectively immobilizing them on the mat.

 

What are the basic Judo submissions for beginners?

Submissions in Judo involve using various joint locks and chokes to force your opponent to submit. Here are five of the most basic submissions in Judo:

a. Juji Gatame (Arm Lock): This submission involves using your legs to wrap around your opponent’s arm, then using your arms to apply pressure to their elbow.

b. Ude Garami (Entangled Arm Lock): This submission involves entangling your opponent’s arm while standing or on the ground, then hyperextending their elbow.

c. Kata Gatame (Shoulder Lock): This submission involves wrapping your arm around your opponent’s neck while using your legs to lock their arm into place. You then apply pressure to their shoulder to force their submission.

d. Sankaku Jime (Triangle Choke): This submission involves using your legs to wrap around your opponent’s neck and arm, cutting off their blood flow and forcing them to submit.

e. Hadaka Jime (Naked Choke): This submission involves wrapping your arm around your opponent’s neck and cutting off their blood flow by applying pressure on their carotid arteries.

 

What are the basic Judo stances for beginners?

The correct stance is essential in Judo, as it affects the strength and balance of your throws. Here are the two basic stances in Judo:

a. Shizentai (Natural Stance): In this stance, you stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, your toes pointed slightly outward and your body weight evenly distributed.

b. Jigo Tai (Hand-To-Hand Stance): In this stance, you stand with one foot slightly in front of the other, with your knees bent and your weight on the balls of your feet.

 

What are the basic Judo ukemi (break falling) techniques for beginners?

Break falling is a crucial aspect of Judo, as it protects you from injury when being thrown. Here are the four basic ukemi techniques:

a. Mae Ukemi (Forward Roll): This technique involves rolling forward and landing on your back. It’s used to break falls from throws that send you forward or over your head.

b. Ushiro Ukemi (Backward Roll): This technique involves rolling backward and landing on your back. It’s used to break falls from throws that send you backward.

c. Yoko Ukemi (Side Roll): This technique involves rolling onto your side and landing on your back. It’s used to break falls from throws that send you sideways.

d. Zenpo Kaiten (Forward Roll Over Shoulder): This technique involves rolling over your shoulder while keeping your head tucked to your chest. It’s used to break falls from throws that send you off to the side or diagonally.

 

What are the safety guidelines for beginners in Judo?

Safety should always come first in Judo. Here are some key safety guidelines to follow:

a. Always wear a Judo uniform (gi) during training and competitions.

b. Always warm up and stretch before training to prevent injury.

c. Work with partners who are of similar weight and skill level.

d. Always listen to your instructor and follow their instructions.

e. Avoid practicing Judo techniques on hard or uneven surfaces.

f. Take care not to apply too much force during training, particularly when practicing throws and submissions.

 

In Conclusion

These are some of the basic Judo techniques for beginners. Remember to approach training with an open mind and a willingness to learn. Judo is a great way to improve your physical fitness, mental strength, and overall well-being. By following these guidelines and regularly practicing these techniques, you’ll be well on your way to mastering Judo.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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