Aikido Techniques

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Aikido is a unique form of martial art that emphasizes on defensive responses to opponent attacks. Developed by Morihei Ueshiba in the 1920s, the concept behind Aikido is to end conflict without causing harm to the opponent. Aikido techniques utilize circular movements and the opponent’s force to redirect the attack, leading to a peaceful resolution.

In this article, we will delve into the different techniques used in Aikido and how they are executed.


What are the basic principles of Aikido?

Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba. Its name can be translated as “the way of harmony with the spirit” or “the way of unifying with life energy.” Aikido emphasizes the redirection of an opponent’s energy and the use of efficient and flowing movements rather than relying on brute strength. The basic principles of Aikido include:

  1. Blending and redirecting: Aikido practitioners aim to blend with an attacker’s energy and redirect it rather than meeting force with force. By harmonizing with the opponent’s movements, an Aikido practitioner can control and neutralize the attack.
  2. Circular motion: Aikido techniques often involve circular and flowing movements. The practitioner utilizes circles to maintain balance, create openings, and execute throws and joint locks effectively.
  3. Non-resistance: Aikido emphasizes the concept of non-resistance or non-opposition. Instead of opposing an attack head-on, practitioners seek to lead and guide the energy of the attacker while maintaining their own stability and centeredness.
  4. Centeredness: Aikido places great importance on maintaining a stable and balanced center of gravity. By staying centered, an Aikido practitioner can generate power, maintain stability, and respond to attacks effectively.
  5. Ki (life energy): Aikido incorporates the concept of ki, which refers to the life energy or vital force within oneself and others. Aikido techniques involve utilizing and blending with this energy to achieve effective movements and control.
  6. Harmony and reconciliation: Aikido seeks to achieve harmony and reconciliation rather than promoting aggression or defeating an opponent. It encourages practitioners to find peaceful resolutions and to protect both themselves and their attackers from harm.
  7. Continuous training: Aikido is a lifelong journey of self-improvement and personal development. Practitioners engage in regular training to refine their techniques, enhance their physical and mental discipline, and deepen their understanding of Aikido principles.


What are the different types of Aikido techniques?

There are many different types of Aikido techniques. However, they can be broadly classified into throwing techniques, joint-locking techniques, and pins. Each of these techniques is unique in its own right, and mastering them requires extensive training and practice.


Throwing techniques

Throwing techniques are some of the most fascinating techniques in Aikido. They are executed when the opponent initiates an attack by grabbing, punching, or kicking. Aikido practitioners use circular and fluid movements based on the principles of blending and redirection to throw the opponent off balance. The most common throwing techniques in Aikido are:

1. Kote-gaeshi – a wrist turning or wrist joint throw
2. Irimi-nage – entering throw
3. Tenchi-nage – heaven and earth throw
4. Shiho-nage – four corner throw


Joint-locking techniques

Joint-locking techniques involve the use of various joint manipulations to control or immobilize the opponent. They work by locking the elbow, wrist, finger, or shoulder joint of the attacker, rendering them powerless. Joint-locking techniques require an acute sense of timing and precision. Some of the most common joint locking techniques in Aikido include:

1. Nikyo – second control technique
2. Sankyo – third control technique
3. Kote-hineri – wrist twist
4. Juji-gatame – cross-armed lock



Pins or immobilization techniques are another popular type of Aikido technique. They are used to subdue the opponent without causing any injury. Pins involve immobilizing the opponent by controlling their balance, usually with one or both arms and then pressing them to the ground. The most common Aikido pins are:

1. Ikkyo – first control technique
2. Yonkyo – fourth control technique
3. Kote-gaeshi – wrist turning or wrist joint throw
4. Shiho-nage – four corner throw



Atemi-waza is a striking technique used in Aikido. It involves the use of punches, kicks, or finger strikes aimed at vital points to disrupt the opponent’s balance or to cause pain. Although Atemi techniques are not a major component of Aikido, they are incorporated to enhance the effectiveness of joint locking and throwing techniques.



In conclusion, Aikido is a fascinating martial art that emphasizes on responding to attacks in a peaceful manner. The art requires extensive practice and training to master the different techniques involved. Each technique is unique in its own right, and a well-rounded Aikido practitioner should learn and master all of them. With proper understanding and practice, Aikido techniques are highly effective in resolving conflicts and ending altercations without causing harm to the opponent.

Maxim Tzfenko

Maxim Tzfenko

"I live and breath Martial Arts"

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